A new law will make it easier for local governments to raise the revenue necessary to maintain and upgrade storm water management systems. Senate Bill (SB) 231 becomes effective on January 1, 2018.
Proposition 218 limits local governments' ability to impose new or increased fees or charges. The California Constitution defines a "fee" or "charge" as "any levy other than an ad valorem tax, a special tax, or an assessment, imposed by an agency upon a parcel or upon a person as an incident of property ownership, including a user fee or charge for a property related service." Prior to imposing a new or increased fee or charge, local governments are required to provide notice to the property owners or ratepayers that would be responsible for the fee or charge. The proposed new or increased fee or charge can be blocked by the submission of written protests from a majority of property owners. This is commonly known as the "majority protest process."
Proposition 218 requires, in addition to the majority protest process, that new or increased fees or charges be approved by either a majority vote of the property owners or a two-thirds vote of the electorate in the affected area. The exception to this voter approval requirement is for fees or charges for "sewer, water, and refuse collection services."
In the case of Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Ass'n v. City of Salinas
(2002) 98 Cal.App.4th 1351, the Court of Appeal considered, among other things, whether a storm drainage fee was subject to the voter approval requirement. The court held that the exception to the voter approval requirement for fees or charges for sewer services did not apply because the term "sewer" as defined in the Proposition 218 Omnibus Implementation Act was limited to "sanitary sewage." SB 231 is a direct response to theCity of Salinas
SB 231 creates a new, expansive definition of "sewer" for the purposes of Proposition 218 that explicitly includes storm water systems. The new definition is contained in the Proposition 218 Omnibus Implementation Act. SB 231 also contains findings that state the Legislature's disapproval of the City of Salinas
decision. This change will make it easier for local government to raise the revenue necessary to maintain proper storm water management systems.
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